History

CONTEXT

The Agricultural Monitoring in the Americas Community of Practice (AMA) is an open community composed of national and international agencies concerned with agricultural monitoring and food security in the Americas (from Canada to Chile). The AMA is the convening body of GEOGLAM Latinoamérica (G-LA) and the AmeriGEOSS Food Security & Sustainable Agriculture sister initiatives. Both initiatives focus on strengthening national systems’ monitoring capabilities through Earth observations (EO) as well as on fostering with-in-region international collaboration around research and development and operational implementation of monitoring tools for the main crops types and rangeland/pasture areas in the Americas. Through facilitating contact and coordination between researchers and decision-makers at the ministerial level, the AMA’s implementing body (AMA-Working Group) uses EO data to confront challenges around food production, food security, climate change, and sustainable development.

Eo vs AMA structure

2011 • GEOGLAM ESTABLISHMENT

GEOGLAM was established in 2011, building off of the efforts of GEO’s Agricultural Monitoring Task, and at the request of the French Ministry of Agriculture.
With the assumption that greater reliability and transparency of information on crop production will reduce speculation in the agricultural markets and therefore reduce price volatility and strengthen food security, the G20 Agricultural Ministers established GEOGLAM to, "coordinate satellite monitoring observation systems in different regions of the world in order to enhance crop production projections and weather forecasting data".

(Agriculture Ministers Declaration, 2011;).

The G20 Agricultural Ministers have renewed their commitment to GEOGLAM, including recently under the Argentine presidency.

Eo vs AMA structure

2017 • GEO Work Programme

The GEO Work Programme 2017-2019 places an emphasis on strengthening AmeriGEOSS as a means of reaching their broader programmatic goals

2018 • AMA formally launched

To address these gaps and capitalize on the opportunities afforded by GEOGLAM, GEOGLAM Latinoamérica was established in 2015, with INTA-Argentina leadership. At the same time, AmeriGEOSS was established with 4 societal benefit areas, including Food Security & Sustainable Agriculture. This simultaneous push signaled a strong community desire, but it was not until early 2018 that an initiative was launched to formally work toward the objectives of these two complementary thematic and geographic activities. Eo vs AMA structure

ACOMPLISHMENTS

The AMA is led and coordinated by the GEOGLAM Secretariat with NASA Applied Sciences support. GEOGLAM-Latinoamérica is led by INTA-Argentina. For the participating countries, participation is voluntary and on a best-efforts basis and all contributions are considered in-kind. Most of the methods used by AMA revolve around establishing processes and guidance toward developing capacities to “translate” the science into actionable information that is readily interpretable by a non-technical decision making audience. AMA works to make available sufficient EO data for member usage. On a regular basis, AMA holds working group teleconferences and also coordinates and organizes regional meetings and training events related to increasing EO usage for agricultural monitoring.


2017 • BsAs Workshop

Workshop in December 2017 in Buenos Aires organized by Dr. Di Bella with help from Dr. Whitcraft resulted in action by undersecretaries of agriculture and agricultural markets in Argentina taking the action to formally launch GEOGLAM Latinoamérica – leading to the establishment of AMA to help reach its goals.

2018 • Expanding community!

Expansion of membership in AMA to nearly 20 institutes since March 2018 launch                                                                                                                                                                          

2018 • Workshop at UMD

Development of national-scale 30m cropland maps from Landsat, and associated in-country capacity for Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, and Chile based on Matt Hansen’s method.

2019 • Workshop at INIA, Santiago!

Workshop in January 2019 in Santiago, Chile hosted by Emilio Ruz - INIA within the framework of a visit to Santiago de Chile by the GEOGLAM Program Scientist, Director of the Agricultural Monitoring in the Americas Group (AMA), and NASA Harvest Associate Director Dr. Alyssa Whitcraft. The objective of the meetings was to strengthen the use of earth observation data in the different agencies across the country.